Transportation of flowers

Fresh flowers are classified as perishable goods, Their transport requires compliance with strict rules:

  1. Temperature;
  2. The level of humidity;
  3. Ventilation;
  4. Packaging.

The value of performance depends on the type of flowers:

Bulbs, plants – transported in a temperature range + 4 … + 14 ° C and humidity 65-75%, performance may vary depending on the plant variety. So, every kind of bulbs require installation of the most suitable microclimate for it, which brings difficulties, If necessary transportation bulbs of different varieties in one container.

Cut flowers –  transportation of temperature +1 to + 8 ° C, moisture level depends on each particular grade. Transportation of cut flowers requires efficiency and premeditated route, because the lifetime of these plants is very small.

Plants in soil - potted plants in pots. Requires compliance of temperature 0 to + 2 ° C, very demanding on the humidity level. Before transportation must fix them so, to exclude mobility.

Flowers are extremely sensitive to temperature environment, prone to premature withering and diseases, so maintaining a stable microclimate all the way transportation is crucial. Example, tropical flowers – Anthurium, Strelitzia, Most orchids are damaged at temperatures below 10 ° C.

The task of temperature control - slow breathing plants, cool plant, prevent moisture loss and penetration of pathogens. Cool colors have to take place immediately after collection, as most flowers have high rates of respiration after harvest and short life cycle.

What to breath flowers

Breathing cut flowers – an integral part of the growth and aging. When breathing plant allocated a certain amount of heat. With increasing ambient temperature the respiration rate (and, in accordance, aging) increases. Example, Flower at + 30 ° C and breathes in accordance aging 45 times faster, than in + 2 ° C.

To reduce the intensity of the applied cooling breath of cut flowers, called prikulinh. moreover, rather than begin the process of cooling the flower, the longer it will retain its presentation.

What threatens the wrong temperature conditions?

  1. Temperature below freezing recommended minimum threatens flower. symptoms: browning petals, vodyanystyst leaves and stems, falling leaves and petals.
  2. Increased humidity threatens steam condensation and mold on the plant, of fungi.
  3. Lack of moisture – wilting flowers.
  4. Temperatures above the recommended maximum – dehydration plant, dry, yellowed leaves.

The task of the packaging

Damage flowers during transport, at least, affect its price, at most – bring it down for sale. Any damage to flowers (damaged petals or buds, broken stems) is likely to lead to infection and proliferation of microorganisms, which can then pass on healthy flowers.

So, flowers are packed in special protective film and place in the box or boxes. This prevents spillage of soil, jams leaves, Hall and other damage.

As carrying flowers?

To date, the ideal packaging for transportation – refrigerant container or vehicle with refrigeration unit. Car comfortable, When the length of the road is not great and does not need reloading. Transportation for long distance, or, if necessary road handling of the ship or ref.stsep, it is rational and convenient to use refrigerated containers.

Transportation of flowers in refrigerated containers guarantees the preservation and conservation of plants necessary microclimate along the transport chain. Is refrigerated container, Its design allows it to move any kind of transport, which eliminates the need for reloading from one plant to another vehicle – you just move a container.

Technical capacity refrigerated container can create the necessary microclimate inside of -30 to + 50 ° C. His work does not depend on weather conditions and vehicle performance, which it carries. Also, this equipment can be used as a stationary warehouse or greenhouse.

Order transportation of flowers and plants can be found in the company Greenway Logistics.